PITX2 paired like homeodomain 2

Gene info

Synonyms

IGDS, RS, Brx1, Otlx2, ARP1

Previous symbol

IRID2, IHG2, RIEG, RIEG1, RGS

External ID

HGNC: 9005
Entrez Gene: 5308
Ensembl: ENSG00000164093
UCSC: uc003iac.4
OMIM: 601542
UniProtKB: Q99697

Disease info

CHD Phenotype

  • Atrial septal defect
  • Double outlet right ventricle
  • Transposition of the great arteries
  • Tetralogy of fallot
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Mitral valve cleft
  • Right-sided aortic arch

Extra Cardiac Phenotype

None

Incomplete penetrance

Unknown

Variable expressivity

Unknown

Animal model

Mouse study

Homozygous null mouse has CHD

MGI ID

Variant info

Clinvar

Selected variant

The Clinvar variants presented in the below IGV track were selected based on the following criteria.

  1. Variant types are single nucleotide variant or Indel
  2. Clinical significance for the variant was assessed to be Pathogenic or Likely Pathogenic
  3. ClinVar review status for the variant is criteria provided

Download annotation file for PITX2: BED file

Genome browser powered by igv.js

Selected References

  1. WEI, D., GONG, X.-H., QIU, G., WANG, J., & YANG, Y.-Q. (2014). Novel PITX2c loss-of-function mutations associated with complex congenital heart disease. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 33(5), 1201–1208. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2014.1689 PMID:24604414
  2. Sun, Y.-M., Wang, J., Qiu, X.-B., Yuan, F., Xu, Y.-J., Li, R.-G., … Yang, Y.-Q. (2016). PITX2 loss-of-function mutation contributes to tetralogy of Fallot. Gene, 577(2), 258–264. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.12.001 PMID:26657035
  3. Zhao, C.-M., Peng, L.-Y., Li, L., Liu, X.-Y., Wang, J., Zhang, X.-L., … Yang, Y.-Q. (2015). PITX2 Loss-of-Function Mutation Contributes to Congenital Endocardial Cushion Defect and Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome. PLOS ONE, 10(4), e0124409. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0124409 PMID:25893250
  4. Li, Y.-J., & Yang, Y.-Q. (2017). An update on the molecular diagnosis of congenital heart disease: focus on loss-of-function mutations. Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics, 17(4), 393–401. DOI:10.1080/14737159.2017.1300062 PMID:28274167
  5. Wang, J., Xin, Y.-F., Xu, W.-J., Liu, Z.-M., Qiu, X.-B., Qu, X.-K., … Yang, Y.-Q. (2013). Prevalence and Spectrum of PITX2c Mutations Associated with Congenital Heart Disease. DNA and Cell Biology, 32(12), 708–716. DOI:10.1089/dna.2013.2185 PMID:24083357